Elon Musk showed a new crazy way to breathe on Mars, the atmosphere of Mars is very different from Earth, it is much less dense and it contains about 96% carbon dioxide, so people will not be able to breathe the air of Mars yet Latest news team that it is still possible to find oxygen on Mars.
The head of the SpaceX space company showed how to breathe on Mars Before Elon Musk was sent to Mars, the Perseverance robot was provided with seven scientific developments aimed at studying the planet, but now everyone’s attention is on one Centered on equipment called the Moxie Moxie, which aims to harvest and recycle local resources into oxygen.
In other words, Moxie makes oxygen on the principle of trees, takes in carbon dioxide and releases oxygen but there are a lot of details involved in the recycling process and the atmosphere of Mars is much thinner than Earth’s and contains 96% of carbon dioxide, previously it Martin draws in air with a special pump, then uses an electrochemical process to separate one atom of oxygen from each molecule of carbon dioxide, such a conversion requires high temperatures.
800 °C. The system is therefore equipped with a heat-resistant material and the surface is completely covered with a thin layer of gold that perfectly reflects infrared rays and does not allow high temperatures to damage other parts of the fixture, while gases escape from the system. passes by How much oxygen is produced, how clean it is and how efficiently the device works. After each test, all the gases are released back into the Martian atmosphere. This is a very important thing for Elon Mars, which will take it to Mars.
The fact is that the MOXY itself is an experimental prototype shaped like a toaster built into the fixture and not a completely separate system. The instrument was specifically designed for astronauts on a one-year mission to the surface of Mars. According to NASA, it will not be able to produce enough oxygen, requiring about a ton of oxygen and in its first approach Moxie produced a modest amount of mass. 5G that’s enough for a person to breathe for 10 minutes, but the current prototype isn’t designed for large volumes.
The main goal of the scientists is to see if it will be able to cope with the main technical task, namely to produce at least 10 times the amount of about 6G of oxygen. The first launch of 98 purity per hour was quite successful, but then MOXI looks forward to more complex tasks as the full system will have to work in any weather conditions of Mars in the future, the next nine MOXI test cycles will take place at different locations. Different temperature conditions during day time and if possible even during dust storm which could be very dangerous not only for future astronauts but also for robots after a big storm in 2019.
The Opportunity rovers stopped communicating and NASA was forced to cancel the mission, what would it give to space missions. A real opportunity to not only send astronauts to Mars, but also bring them back home. Of course the crew needs oxygen, but Michael Hatch, scientific director of the Moxy project, considers it just a pleasant bonus and the main goal is to provide enough oxygen. Launching a rocket from the surface of the planet requires about 25 tons of oxygen to burn fuel during launch.
Taking such quantities from Earth to Mars is too expensive and unsafe, so the success of the tiny Moxie showed scientists that the most important technology works, meaning that NASA’s manned mission to Mars by the 2030s would be more and more realistic. going. , the development of a new prototype is already underway and in the near future the updated Moxie will weigh a little over a ton. A household stove and appliances will already produce tons of oxygen. Another important result of Moxie’s success is a move towards reform.
In future systems for recycling and recycling local resources such devices will be able to produce oxygen not only from extraterrestrial products but also for example drinking water building materials rocket fuel sanitary products and even conditions for growing plants Will also make The planets are not dependent on Earth’s resources but will be able to get everything on their own on other planets which is critically important for long term space missions.
NASA hopes to demonstrate and test such technologies before an expedition to Mars during the Artemis Moon mission in 2024. As part of the Lunar Surface Innovation Initiative program, there are plans to create products using lunar materials, for example turning ice on the Moon into drinkable water. announced the successful completion of the MOXY mission designed for.
announced that their new device has managed to exceed this result by providing the same amount of energy to consumers and producing eight times more oxygen in the same amount of time. In addition, it creates nitrogen oxides for the first time, which can be used to fertilize plants. Cargo delivery in low Earth orbit is an expensive pleasure. It should come as no surprise that to support space missions, scientists around the world are working to create technology that can produce everything needed for a space mission from local resources.
Oxygen and nitrogen oxides are the two most important substances for survival on Mars. Rockets on the way need oxygen for breathing and refueling, and nitrogen oxides are needed to fertilize crops. Very few of them are in the atmosphere. New experiments have shown a way to produce oxygen at a rate of 47 grams per hour, or one kilogram per day. This is almost eight times more than the MOXIE installation. The energy consumption in both methods at the same time t is the same for the comparison of one kilowatt hour.
That average person consumes one kilogram of oxygen per day. The two teen researchers recreated the atmosphere of Mars in a homemade plasma reactor. Recall that the average composition of the air on the Red Planet is: 96 carbon dioxide and 2 percent molecular nitrogen and argon. The scientists then proposed different methods to excite the gas into plasma. Researchers from the State University of Antwerp irradiated it with microwave radiation and another group used radio waves and direct current exposure.
The whole process boils down to creating tiny lightning bolts inside a plasma reactor that first split gas molecules into components and then these particles collide and form new ones with the help of special membranes that separate the individual ions. Products form and essential molecules of substances can be captured. , Are there other ways to get oxygen on Mars? For example, Elon Musk says that scientists at the State Research University of North Carolina suggest that oxygen can be derived from plants grown directly on Mars.
Work is already underway to create plants that can survive in the conditions of the Red Planet. It is based on the idea of combining the characteristics of extremophile microorganisms with those of plants that can live in the most adverse conditions on Earth. To do this the technique of genetic isolation is used, the necessary genes are isolated from the extremities and introduced into the plants but such hybrids cannot be planted even on Martian soil, but possibly they can survive on Mars.
Although conditions there will still be far from terrestrial, if the experiment is successful and the hybrids take root on Mars, they will be able to provide oxygen and food for astronauts. Medicines too Elon also said that there is another possible way to deliver oxygen to Mars. NSA Lewis, a scientist at the University of Washington, came up with Professor Vijay Romani and his team and proposed a network of salt lakes to be built in the year 2020 to use the salt lake beneath the Martian surface.
The freezing point is lowered and the water can liquefy, a technique Romani is working on involves taking water from such lakes and separating it by electrolysis into hydrogen and oxygen scientists. Expecting that in 10 to 50 years their development could complement MOXI and other resource processing systems, the Red Planet never left Elon Musk indifferent that he always wanted to be the pioneer of Mars.
Be a great traveler in this new world a world inaccessible to human entertainment by any means and make it suitable for earthlings but why billionaire believes that first of all earth will not be able to provide. Its resources will be exhausted forever and sooner or later forest areas are shrinking for human needs, ecology is deteriorating and population is increasing at this rate. Effect on the body According to the ideas of Elon Musk, about one million people should participate in the colonization of Mars.
Future terrestrial Martians with the population of a large city would live under domes filled with oxygen contained in the planet’s atmosphere. Almost all carbon dioxide can be subjected to a chemical process called carbon dioxide ionization to convert it into the oxygen necessary for human life. With the development of civilization, the Earth becomes overcrowded, as well as overpopulation is acutely felt in some areas of the planet.
The number of people is constantly increasing, which negatively affects the ecological situation on our planet, and at the same time, the problem of mineral consumption is gradually arising. Despite the fact that, according to scientists, Mars can become a rich source of resources, in addition, the planet has every chance to turn into a backup option for earthlings in the event of a global catastrophe, and this has been very relevant recently.